Breach of Contract in Thailand

Contracts are the cornerstone of business transactions and legal relationships in Thailand, and as with most legal systems, breaches of contracts can lead to disputes. Understanding the legal framework, potential consequences and available remedies is essential to navigating this type of dispute efficiently.

When informal methods like demand letters fail, litigation can be filed in a Thai court. Litigation is time-consuming and costly but provides a formal, binding resolution.


Contracts are the cornerstone of most business transactions and relationships, providing a clear framework for rights and obligations. However, a breach of contract can have significant consequences and disrupt commercial operations. In Thailand, as in most countries, the Civil Code outlines the legal landscape surrounding contracts, breaches and remedies.

In the event of a breach, the non-breaching party may request remedies such as damages and specific performance. Damages are monetary awards intended to compensate for the losses caused by the breach. Some contracts also stipulate liquidated damages, a pre-determined amount in case of breach.

Keeping meticulous records, promptly informing the other party of the breach and exploring alternative dispute resolution mechanisms increase the chances of a successful claim. Seeking guidance from a legal professional also optimizes the outcome.


In Thailand, as in other legal jurisdictions, there are several established remedies for breach of contract. These include damages (a monetary award intended to compensate the non-breaching party for losses incurred as a result of the breach), specific performance (a court order requiring the breaching party to fulfill contractual duties as originally agreed upon), and rescission (cancelling the contract returning both parties to their pre-contractual positions).

Navigating contract disputes requires an understanding of local legal principles, a commitment to preserving commercial relationships, and a willingness to explore alternative dispute resolution methods. Early action, prompt communication and meticulous records can prevent the need for lengthy litigation.

Experienced legal professionals can turn the broken melody of a breach of contract dispute into a harmonious resolution, restoring balance to the music of commerce in Thailand.


Disputes involving breach of contract often involve claims for damages, which are compensation awarded to non-breaching parties to reimburse them for financial losses caused by the breach. These damages are intended to return the injured party to their position had the breach not occurred. Damages can include monetary compensation or specific performance, which involves a court order compelling the breaching party to fulfill contractual obligations as originally agreed upon.

The legal landscape surrounding breach of contract is nuanced and complex in Thailand. However, preventing contract issues from arising and seeking guidance from qualified legal professionals when a dispute does arise empowers individuals and businesses to transform discordant notes into a harmonious resolution and restore balance to the music of commerce.

Specific Performance

In cases where monetary compensation isn’t adequate, the court can order specific performance—a legal remedy that forces the breaching party to fulfill their contractual promises as originally agreed upon. This remedy is especially useful when the subject matter of the contract is unique or when a remedy such as rescission would be impossible to apply.

NDAs (Non-Disclosure Agreements) are often a part of business contracts, protecting sensitive information like customer lists or proprietary data from being shared without consent. However, NDA disputes can arise due to misunderstandings or ambiguity in the contract language. When this happens, individuals and businesses need to understand the legal implications and available remedies. Thorough preparation—including expert witness testimony and evidence gathering—will maximize your chances of success in resolving a dispute.


While most attorneys try to settle contract disputes through informal methods like demand letters, if the breach of contract is serious enough it might be necessary to file a case in the Thai courts. Remedies for breach of contract are outlined by the Thai Civil and Commercial Code, including damages, specific performance, and rescission.

Specific performance involves a court order to fulfil the obligations set out in the contract. This remedy is often used in situations where monetary compensation would be inadequate to compensate the injured party. Consequential damages are a type of monetary compensation that aligns with what the law calls stipulated or liquidated damages, which are an amount established when entering into the contract.

Breach of contract is a complex legal issue with significant implications for businesses and individuals. Using proactive strategies like clear contracts and adherence to contractual obligations, coupled with appropriate dispute resolution mechanisms like legal counsel and specialised contract management software can strengthen business relationships and ensure fair outcomes.

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